Core Skills of Meditation

The Four Core Skills

  • focusing,
  • knowing,
  • intentionally doing,
  • energy.

The Eight Types of Knowing

  • knowing a phenomenon.
  • knowing patterns,
  • knowing causes.
  • knowing relation between phenomena.
  • knowing a viewing angle.
  • knowing what it truly is.
  • knowing your mind that knows something.
  • knowing the limit of your mind (mental level) and whether your mind is reliable.

Phenomena Example

  • your body (e.g. breath, posture, actions, body parts, elements)
  • your mind (e.g. thoughts, urges, likes, dislikes)
  • self, life, world, …


Referring to repetition of phenomena, especial repetition of phenomena that are in a causal relation, for example:

  • Your in-breath and your out-breath.
  • Eating meal results in experiencing full sensation in your stomach.
  • Pressing a switch results in a light is turned on.

Obstacles to Dependable State of Mind

The mind is prevented from operating properly and becomes unreliable when any one of the following conditions occurs in the mind:

  • Contradiction in knowing (believe to know what one doesn’t know) – prevents the mind from operating properly and leading to a critical error.
  • Likes (craving, desire) – makes the mind biased.
  • Dislikes (anger, aversion) – makes the mind biased.